Connections to the past: representations and assessments
The cluster of excellence Pasts in the Present is conceptualized around two tightly interdependent themes.
With the theme "Connections to the past: representations and assessments", the cluster seeks a global analysis of representations of the past from every historic period (classical antiquity, medieval, Renaissance, early-modern, modern, and contemporary). It draws from several disciplines (history, sociology, anthropology, ethnology, philology, political science), including the most recent ones concerning memory (memory studies).
The forms of representation in every period
This first series of research analyzes the processes by which memory is constituted (in all periods since antiquity) and/or the creation of heritage.
This set of research endeavors to describe and understand appropriations of the past by socially differentiated audiences, as much prior as following the implementation of heritage policies, commemorative actions, gestures of mediating history: investigations on the ordinary relationship to the past, prior, investigations on receptions, appropriations, uses, following. Special attention is paid to the effects of appropriation specific to each system of mediation: exhibitions, digital portals, historical simulation, commemorative sites, etc.
Organizing and interpreting data / The production of frames of reference
This collective research project focusing prior to the development of digitized projects seeks to elaborate the frames of reference and modes of interoperability adapted to mediations of history in the digital age.